Alpaca

   fahne bolivien
Country of origin Bolivia

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Numers Dates Facts  
Order Archiodactyls
Suborder Camelids
Family Camel
Kind Vicuna
Species Alpaca
Lifespan ca. 20-25 years
Alpaca-Types Huacaya and Suri
Height at the withers ca. 80-100 cm
Weigh ca. 45-90 kg
Bredding season by stallions From 2 to 3 years
Pregnancy ca. 11 months+- 2 weeks
Breed 1 cria, twins are very rare
Foal weight ca. 2-10 kg
Coat color over 22 different colors and more than 60 shades
Trim once a year (in spring)
Shearing ca. 2-6 kg
Animal square At least 2 animals : 1000 m2, for each additional 100 m2

Quality

Alpaca hair like cashmere and mohair is a precious fiber. It stands out for its unique properties to retain heat. Due to high insulation a “thermos effect” is formed that prevents from sweating and freezing. This thermal feature and unique comfort make alpaca items wearable both in summer and winter time. Alpaca hair is very soft, light and hypoallergenic.

Alpaca wool is outstanding with its wide color palette ranging of 22 main colors plus even more color shades. This allows to keep the fibers natural through the whole refining process. Processed without chemicals the alpaca items are very warm and amazingly light. Alpaca wool fits people with allergies, because the fibers are free from wool oil, which is usually the main allergen. Furthermore, alpaca fibers are a natural anti-infective agent.

Treatment

AIR AND LIGHT

The important part of healthy breeding is fresh air and much light. Alpacas are highly weatherproof animals and will be kept by us on pasture. No doubt they will be able to go to the barn full of hay and feed, especially in a cold season. Due to the annual trimming (once a year) the animals shall maintain optimal amount of hair for each of the seasons. To keep the barn air fresh and prevent potential diseases it will be cleaned off on the daily basis.

TRIM

Alpacas before trim

Long hair is not comfortable for the animal. Moreover, it is quite difficult and expensive to keep wool clean like on the photo. Long wool fibers are a favorable place for bacteria. Our animals will be trimmed once a year. They shall be faced with constant care, protected against pathogenic bacteria, agile and able to properly regulate the body temperature.

TOENAILS

Alpacas have nails on their toes like humans. As on our soft fields the animals have no opportunity to grind their nails down the same way as they do on their mother land in the Andes, we have to cut the nails off. Otherwise, the nails can evert or be broken off deeply causing the animal sharp pain. When they curl inwards alpacas body automatically takes wrong position. This may cause negative consequences for the posture and health of the animal.


Disease

STOMACH AND INTENSTINAL PARASITES (WORMS AND COCCIDIA) 

It is generally recognized, that alpacas are prone to loose stools and consequentially to depletion. In this light, the animals are strongly recommended to regular deworming, fecal analyzes and alternation of anthelmintic drugs to avoid resistance.

GENERAL DISEASES (ARACIDS) 

Sometimes alpacas prone common diseases. Such diseases are often caused by aracids. For alpacas to avoid these main parasites, which cause much discomfort (intense itching) to the animal as well as hair loss in areas of infection, one should make a regular health check. If alpaca was infected by aracids the best treatment is to call out a trusted vet and prescribe injections or ointments.

GASTRIC ULCER

By wrong breeding, unhealthy feeding and much stress alpacas can suffer on gastric ulcer. If timely detected, the disease as a rule is curable.

TONGUE VOLVULUS 

Alpacas teeth grow during the whole lifetime. In case of malocclusion, when the upper and lower teeth do not merge properly, some of the teeth abrade. As a result some of the teeth grow higher than the others. However, here in Germany grass is so soft that abrasion is hardly possible. Alpacas are used to a more solid and reach in minerals food. In the front part of the mouth the only teeth they have are those on the lower jaw. The upper jaw is a firm chewing plate. The cutters are the first to abrade. Therefore, they often grow too long and are subject to regular dental care. This is the main reason teeth should be often inspected. Along with trim once a year the cutters of the affected animals should be shortened. When alpaca suffers malocclusion, it means it is not able to chew the necessary amount of food. This leads to the so called tongue volvulus. It happens when alpaca holds a several times chewed grass or hay in the mouth. If the animal has a too long or sharp-edged permanent teeth, it tries with the help of skein (ball of food) to protect the cheek or gum from pain by chewing. It can be noticed sometimes a sort of swelling on the cheek of alpaca. The affected animal should be properly treated to recover the normal teeth function. Malocclusion can be evidenced by the following symptoms:
-          saliva;
-          failure and inability to eat, probably because of pain by chewing;
-          recurrent swelling in the jaw area;
-          difficulty to maintain body weight.

We ensure these outstanding properties in our ecological craftsmanship

Fashion Show Alpaka Wolle» London

Unbenannt

Women, who at the beginning of the twentieth century more and more succeeded in art and work, worked their way into the classic men's domains, were the inspiration for a color-intensive and dynamic collection. Cross strips on pockets or collars give the coat - the basis of every Max Mara collection - a fresh look. Sequins glitter meets fluffy alpaca.